Province of West Nusa Tenggara, also known as part of the Lesser
Sunda Islands, comprise Bali and eastward through Timor.
The two major islands in this province are Lombok
and Sumbawa. Lombok is where the transition from the western to
the eastern Indonesian fauna and flora begins. The northern part
of the island is mountainous and verdant with tall trees and shrubs
covering the land. The south is arid and covered by savannas. Large
Asian mammals are absent. The shift gets more pronounced as one
moves further east. Dry seasons are more prolonged, so in many areas
corn and sago instead of rice is the staple food.
island has white virgin beaches, an age-old culture, separated
by merely a narrow strait from Bali, it is only now being discovered
as a tourist destination of exceptional charm. Here the motto is
"you can see Bali in Lombok, but not Lombok in Bali". It is an existing
reality, formed by the superimposition of strong Balinese influences
in the past, upon a base that is entirely Lombok's own. At around
the time Islam first came to these islands in the 16th century,
four Hindu Kingdoms coexisted in apparent peace in what is now West
present, Hinduism is the religion embraced mostly by the Balinese
population of western Lombok. The indigenous people of Lombok, the
Sasaks, are predominantly Moslem. Even more so are the people of
At present, West Nusa Tenggara's cultural make-up
is a composite of the four main population groups inhabiting the
two islands: the Balinese, the Sumbawanese, and the peoples of Bima
and Dompu. The region is famous for its "ikat" hand-woven textiles.
Cattle and horses are the major export commodities of these islands.
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